This process involves paring away the stone around the design, mainly using fine chisels, to leave the design standing clear of the surface. Finishes can be varied by using wax polish to darken selected areas as  a contrast. My work of this type uses mainly natural motifs and varies from flat plaques, though deeply-incised pieces which are quasi-sculptures, to relief carving on the surface of free-standing pieces. 

 

 

 

 

 

I have been experimenting with reproducing 'Belvoir Angels' like the ones above - an early 18th Century tombstone motif which is unique to the South Nottinghamshire area, where I used to live. I managed to source some of the original Swithland slate from the waste-heaps of the old quarry.